Road bikes are specially designed bikes manufactured to make it easy while traveling at speed on paved roads. These bikes, also known as racing bikes, are light in weight and equipped with multiple derailleur gears. The tires of these bikes are narrow, and smooth enough to decrease the rolling resistance. The term ‘road bike’ also describes any regular bike that runs effectively on paved roads, in contrast to a bike especially built for a particular purpose.
Following are the basic types of wheels of a road bike:
All-purpose Wheel: This bears the closest resemblance to the traditional wheel which feature spokes and narrow rims. This wheel serves a variety of purposes – starting from racing to recreational riding. This wheel does not have the deeper rim cross-section feature. It is light in weight, and the most preferable choice of riders who want a light wheel to get a quick acceleration in races.
Aero Wheel: This is a common choice for riders who take part in time trial racing and triathlon. It is effective when racing solo against the clock. The deeper-rim design and aerodynamics of this wheel reduces air resistance and helps to get a greater speed with lesser effort. However, this wheel is highly vulnerable to cross winds, and it becomes difficult to control the bike. This wheel is also heavier than the all-purpose wheel.
Disc Wheel: This is a solid wheel with built-in spokes. It is expensive as lightweight carbon or composite materials are the main ingredients in it. Professional cyclists mainly use this wheel during the time trials to increase the riding speed and the airflow.
Clincher Wheel: This is the most common type of road wheel in use today. It has a lip which makes the tire clinch to them. It is easier to change a tire or repair a flat in this wheel. However, the lip does not allow the tire to hold much air, and this increases the rolling resistance. Therefore, this wheel is fit only for leisure rides, as it cannot generate a high-speed required in races.
Tubular Wheel: This helps to hold a tubular tire perfectly. The tube is first sewn into the tire, and the tire then fixes to the rim with glue. This wheel is very effective in high-end races, as it is light in weight and the tire can hold a greater air pressure.
A thorough knowledge will help you become an expert. Therefore, you need to always pay attention to the wheel before buying a road bike.
Source by Agnipravo Sengupta